KWG Mission Statement

CHINA & THE RING OF FIRE RAILWAY


The Ring of Fire chromite deposits located in Ontario, Canada – over 340 million tonnes and counting – are massive and considered major dry bulk commodities, requiring rail transport. Their development could have a profound beneficial effect on Canadian prosperity for centuries.

It’s the transportation costs that will make this project sustainable for the next century,” says KWG Resources CEO Frank Smeenk. “Ontario chromite will have to compete with market leaders in South Africa and Kazakhstan, while the deposits in northern Finland are conveniently located less than 50 kilometres from an ocean port. We need to ensure that the minerals can be transported to the market in the most efficient manner, at the lowest possible unit costs.


CHINA IS THE SECOND LARGEST TRADING PARTNER OF CANADA

Canada’s second biggest trading partner after the U.S. is China and our bilateral trade amounted to $85.3 billion in 2015.

In April 2016, China Rail’s First Study and Design Institute was welcomed by Canada’s Minister of International Trade Michael Chan, and recognized in Legislature by Ontario Finance Minister Charles Sousa. The China Rail engineering delegation then visited with the Peoples Republic of China Consul General before surveying the potential north south rail route the to the Ring of Fire.

“Chinese companies have come here to develop the Ring of Fire in northern Ontario.” – Consul General Xue Bing of the Peoples Republic of China


Xue_Bing

Consul General Xue Bing Chinese said “…Companies have accumulated many experiences and advantages in terms of capital, technology and management in high speed train, nuclear power generation, mining development and excavation, and some manufacture sectors. This provides great potentials in building more large projects between China and Canada.

Since last year, Chinese companies have come here to Toronto to look for opportunities to enter into cooperation with Ontario government in building a high speed railway line connecting the cities of Toronto and Windsor, and also in the development of Ring of Fire in northern Ontario. I hope our friends in the CCBC can make a good use of your network and contacts to push forward our cooperation on large projects so as to provide new impetus to our bilateral relations.”


UPDATE: CANADA GETS GREEN LIGHT TO JOIN CONTROVERSIAL CHINA-LED INFRASTRUCTURE BANK

Canadian Minister of Finance Bill Morneau adjusts a microphone as he sits with the President of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Jin Liqun during a news conference at the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank in Beijing, August 31, 2016. (Adrian Wyld / The Canadian Press)Canada gets green light to join controversial China-led infrastructure bank

ctvnews.ca
Thursday, March 23, 2017

Canada has been approved to join a controversial new international infrastructure bank led by China.


CANADA APPLIES FOR AIIB MEMBERSHIP

Trudeau’s real achievement in ChinaTrudeau’s real achievement in China

Commentary Opinion
By: Tim Armstrong, theStar.com
Tues., Sept. 13, 2016

“Joining the China-sponsored Asia infrastructure investment bank allows Canada to join an unprecedented global development initiative. The prime minister’s decision to join the AIIB was a commendable first step.”


THE SILK ROAD

It was back in March 30th 2016, at the Luncheon of the Canada China Business Council on , that Consul General Xue Bing of the People’s Republic of China said;

“Canada is welcome to join the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank and take part in the Belt and Road Initiative.

This Initiative is a response to the need for development and cooperation among the Asian and European countries, and it shows that China is in a rapid transition from a mere participant in international system to a provider of public goods.

In 2015, China released the Vision and Actions on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road and signed cooperation agreements with over 20 countries along the routes.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank was inaugurated. The Silk Road Fund went into operation. A number of major mutually beneficial cooperation projects were launched. Direct investment by Chinese companies in the countries along the route exceeded 15 billion US dollars.

The Belt and Road Initiative achieved important early harvests, providing strong impetus to the development and revitalization of countries along the routes. Geographically, Canada is not located along the route, but Canada enjoys great potential in the cooperation with relevant countries in areas such as infrastructure construction and contracting, project financing, and public and private partnership (PPP).

Thus Canada is welcome to join the AIIB, to make good use of its expertise in infrastructure investment and investment risk management, and participate in the Belt and Road Initiative in the principle of joint consultation, joint construction and sharing.”

Canada is welcome to join the AIIB, to make good use of its expertise in infrastructure investment and investment risk management, and participate in the Belt and Road Initiative in the principle of joint consultation, joint construction and sharing.

“This year, we will launch a number of projects set forth in the 13th Five-Year Plan. More than 800 billion yuan (about 120 billion USD) will be invested in railway construction, and investment in road construction will reach 1.65 trillion yuan (about 247.5 billion USD). A further 20 water conservancy projects will be carried out.

The friendship between our two countries goes a long way back. Over a hundred years ago, the first group of Chinese workers came to this country and built its first transcontinental Pacific Railway.

During the Second World War, China and Canada fought side by side against the common enemies. The heroic deeds of Dr. Norman Bethune have been remembered and cherished by the Chinese people.

In the early 1960s, Canada was the first Western country to do business with China by exporting wheat to us. In 1970, Canada became one of the first Western countries to establish diplomatic relations with China, opening a new chapter of our bilateral relations.”




CHINA LOOKING OUT & THE WORLD LOOKING IN


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Two years ago, the Mandarin saying “yi dai yi lu” – “One Belt, One Road” would have likely left Hatch executive Martin Doble nonplused.

Today, like other executives worldwide, Hatch’s Global Managing Director, Infrastructure would tell you a different story: China’s “OBOR” grand Eurasian infrastructure and economic development strategy is redefining business opportunities not only in China, but virtually anywhere in the world this unprecedented land and maritime initiative leads.

Fulfilling OBOR’s infrastructure needs alone will mean natural resource project development – not only in China, but in other countries that will aim to meet Chinese demand for everything from minerals to energy.
CANADA CHINA BUSINESS FORUM 2015 – 2016 “One Belt, One Road One Unprecedented Opportunity” – By: Randall A. Mang, Pg 7





Canada must adapt to these 21st century realities if we are to maintain our competitiveness and develop our natural resources and manufacturing sector.

GH_profile_new

“The reality is that with the gradual shift of the global economy’s centre of gravity from Europe and North America to Asia, Canada must adapt to these 21st century realities if we are to maintain our competitiveness and develop our natural resources and manufacturing sector. To meet this goal, we will need capital, and the largest pools currently lie in China.

If we need capital – and we do – Asia has the deepest pockets and the longest time frames, with a willingness to stand behind long-term projects and not managed by short-term results of the kind demanded by some U.S. trust funds. For a country with a relatively small labour pool available to develop and maintain such a vast expanse of projects, Canada often needs partners who are willing to look at long-term results over immediate ones. At the same time, Canadians must also weigh the long-term implications on Canada’s prosperity that would stem from ignoring Asian investment.”

Gorden Houlden, Director of the China Institute, Professor of Political Science and Adjunct Professor of the Alberta School of Business at the University of Alberta. He is also a Member of the International Development Research Centre’s (IDRC) Board of Governors.





Dominic Barton

“Canada has many options to help fuel its weak growth by taking a more proactive business approach with China.” says Dominic Barton, the global managing director of consulting company McKinsey & Co. Barton, a Canadian who spent years working in China and across Asia, recommended Canada get moving in a range of areas when it comes to China, its second-largest trading partner.

He pegged the infrastructure gap — the difference between what Canada needs and what it has — at a level as high as $500 billion. Middle-income Canadians, he argues, would benefit from infrastructure projects because they would increase productivity.

The Liberal government won last October’s election on a platform that promised to double Canadian infrastructure spending over the next decade to $120 billion.

With few countries committing to infrastructure spending, Barton believes Canada can lead the world.

“It’s amazing that no G7 country has been investing in infrastructure when interest rates are at 50-year lows,” he said. “This is shocking.”

Dominic Barton, Canada’s New Economy Czar, Calls For ‘Aggressive’ Change – The Canadian Press – Huffington Post, By: Andy Blatchford, 05/20/2016





Economics Documentation Library


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  • Ontario Chamber of Commerce Report | WHERE ARE WE NOW? A Report Card on the Ring of Fire| 2014
  • Ontario Chamber of Commerce Report | Beneath the Surface: Uncovering the Economic Potential of Ontario’s Ring of Fire
  • Thunder Bay, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie, & Sudbury Chamber of Commerce Policy Resolution To Federal Government | Make The Ring of Fire A Priority Of National Significance| Visit Chamber Website –> Sept 22, 2016| Chamber Passes Ring of Fire Policy Resolution at CCC AGM
  • Outokumpu Integrated ferrochrome business in Kemi-Tornio | Investor Visit to Kemi Mine | Jyrki Salmi Vice President – Kemi Mine Outokumpu Ferrochrome, Kemi | October 7th, 2015
  • Background Paper, Economics, Resources Internal Affairs Library Of Parliament | Resource Development In Canada: A Case Study On The Ring Of Fire | Jed Chong | March 31, 2014
  • Mining in Northwestern Ontario | Opportunities and Challenges | Dr. Dadgostar Bahram, Professor Sam Garofalo, Dr. Nikola Gradojevic, Dr. Camillo Lento, Dr. Karen Peterson | September 27, 2012
  • MiningWatch Canada Report | Economic analysis of the Ring of Fire chromite mining play | Joan Kuyek, D.S.W. | January 25, 2011
  • Macquarie Commodities Research | The medium-term nickel market outlook | Jim Lennon –Consultant to Macquarie | May 2015
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    First Nations Documentation Library


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    First Nation Treaty Map Ontario

  • Nishnawbe Aski Nation – DISCUSSION PAPERS | KEY CONSIDERATIONS FOR RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN NAN TERRITORY FOCUSING ON MINING | Les Louttit, Deputy Grand Chief
  • Nishnawbe Aski Nation – DISCUSSION PAPERS | The Future of Nishnawbe Aski Nation’s Economy | Les Louttit, Deputy Grand Chief
  • KWG – The Ring of Fire Partnership Presentation – Nishnawbe Aski Development (NADF) Event October 20th, 2016, Days Inn, Timmins, Ontario | pdf-icon-smallKWG – The Ring of Fire Partnership Presentation – Nishnawbe Aski Development (NADF) Event, October 20th, 2016, Days Inn, Timmins, Ontario
  • Ontario First Nation Treaties – NEED TO KNOW | Treaties
    What you need to know about treaties in Ontario | The Government of Ontario
  • Chiefs of Ontario Annual Report 2014 – 2015 | Strengthening Relations
  • With or Without You: First Nations Law (in Canada) McGill Law Journal 1996 | Strengthening Relations | John Borrows
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    Environment Documentation Library


    Koper Lake, Ring of Fire, Ontario Canada

    Ring of Fire Area, Ontario Canada

  • SAFETY INFORMATION SHEET FOR STAINLESS STEEL Outokumpu | Outokumpu Safety Information Sheet | Dec 10, 2015
  • Case Study: Chromite mining and processing | Public Heath Ontario: Partners for Health | Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion | April 2015
  • York University’s Institutional Repository, Undergraduate research paper | Ontario Ring of Fire Surface Water Susceptibility Analysis | Adlar Gross & Anatoliy Sirokvash, Professor Podour | April, 2015
  • Cancer incidence among Finnish ferrochromium and stainless steel production workers in 1967–2011:a cohort study | Conclusions: It is not likely that the occupational exposures in the Finnish ferrochromium and stainless steel industry would have increased the risk of cancer. | Markku Huvinen, Eero Pukkala | October 9, 2013
  • Occupational Exposure to Hexavalent Chromium – Center of the Disease Control and Prevention | Criteria for a Recommended Standard Occupational Exposure to Hexavalent Chromium | National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) | September 2013
  • Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University | CHROMITE MINING | Environmental Assessment, Dr. M.A. (Peggy) Smith | March 14, 2012
  • Priority Substances List Assessment Report: Canadian Environmental Protection Act | Chromium and its Compounds | Government of Canada Environment Canada Health Canada | 1994
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    Rail Documentation Library


    The GreenForest Management Road Study

    The GreenForest Management Road Study

  • Green Forest PDF REPORT | Green Forest Management Inc. | RING OF FIRE & NORTHERN ONTARIO COMMUNITY ALL-WEATHER ROAD ACCESS | Released 2016
  • Northern Policy Institute PDF REPORT | Northern Policy Institute, Roads, Rail, and the Ring of Fire | October 2015
  • Northern Policy Institute Port Authority Model | PDF REPORT | The Airport/Port Transportation Authority Model – Is It Applicable for Ontario’s Ring of Fire Mineral Development? | Northern Policy Institute | Nick Mulde | Friday, June 13, 2014
  • Pope & Company PDF REPORT | A New Technology for a New Chromite District | Pope & Company | July 10, 2013
  • Tetra Tech WEI Inc PDF REPORT | KWG Resources Inc. released a study that it commissioned by the international engineering firm Tetra Tech WEI Inc. to compare the capital and operating costs of both a railroad and an all-weather road to the Ring of Fire. | February 21st, 2013
  • KWG PDF PRESENTATION | KWG hired Minnesota-based consultants Krech-Ojard and Associates and Golder Associates to study the potential for rail access and carry out geotechnical studies. | Dec 20, 2012
  • Krech Ojard & Associates Newsletter DOWNLOAD PDF | KWG hired Minnesota-based consultants Krech-Ojard to study the potential for rail access and carry out geotechnical studies. | Spring 2010
  • CANADA CHROME RAILWAY PROJECT PDF TIMES STAR | CANADA CHROME RAILWAY PROJECT Times Star, Greenstone | Jan 20, 2010
  • OVERVIEW | Early History Overview Rail Corridor Routes
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    Chromium IP Documentation Library


    Scanning Electron Micrograph of Reduced Chromite Ore Using Natural Gas

    Scanning Electron Micrograph of Reduced Chromite Ore Using Natural Gas

  • Winter, Frank – PROVISIONAL PATENT | KWG Resources Inc. (Assignee) Provisional Patent: Production of chrome alloys directly from chromite ores. | US 61/893,400 International 4562PCT, 21 October 2013
  • Glencore XPS – KWG PRESS RELEASE | Black Horse Smelting Test Produces 61.9% Cr In Ferrochrome | August 14, 2013
  • Pope & Company PDF REPORT | A New Technology for a New Chromite District | Pope & Company | July 10, 2013
  • Naicker, O and Riley, T. – ABSTRACT | Xstrata Alloys in profile. South African Pyrometallurgy | Ed R. T Jones, SAIMM March 2006
  • Barnes, A.R and Eric, R.H. – ABSTRACT | The Relative Reducibilities of Chromite Ores and Relative Reactivity of Carbonaceous Reductants. | Infacon 7. Trondheim 1995
  • Ruhmer, W.T – GOOGLE BOOKS | Ruhmer, W.T Handbook on the estimation of metallurgical process costs. | Mintek, 1991
  • Barnes, A.R; Finn, C.W.P and Algie, S.H. – ABSTRACT | The Pre-reduction and smelting of chromite concentrates of low chromium-to-iron ratio. | JSAIMM March 1983
  • Nuttington, R.C. Barcza, N.A. – ABSTRACT | Pre-reduction of Fluxed Chromite Ore Pellets Under Oxidizing Conditions | Mintek, 1989